CHINESE CHONGQING DOG
UTILISATION: Companion, utility dog
ACTIVITY LEVEL: Medium
SIZE: Medium (females 35-40 cm, males 40-45 cm)
(Breed abbreviations, check INFO "Inscriptions"
ORIGINAL STANDARD: CDC 01.12.2000/CKU
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
The Chinese Chongqing Dog (pronounced Chun-Ching) is a multipurpose working breed native to the Chinese regions of Chongqing and Sichuan. Although the ancestry of this breed remains a mystery, it is considered to be one of China’s oldest breeds with a history that traces back at least 2,000 years. The Chongqing Dog was originally primarily used as a hunting dog, but in modern times is better known as a guard dog and companion animal. As a result of persecution by the Communist Party, the Chinese Chongqing Dog nearly became extinct during the middle of the 20th Century and is still considered one of the rarest dog breeds in the world. In China, the breed is known by many names including Chuandong Dog, East Sichuan Hunting Dog, Bamboo Ratter, Mountain Dog, Mountain Dog, Hechuan Dog, Pak Tin Par Dog, and Linshui Dog.
Chongqing Dog are medium-sized dogs, square -built, great strength for his size and muscular. Their body are covered with short harsh coat. From the withers and the spinal column is sparsely furnished with coat radiating to 3 cm on each side and extending lengthwise including the croup, above the tail from the root to its tip.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of skull and the length of the muzzle approximately 2: 1. Height to elbow about half height at withers. The female can be slightly longer than the males.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: They are loyal, intelligent, courageous, agile species. Guardian of property and family, fearless, muscular, tough and agile. In the past, it has been used for hunting.
HEAD: Muzzle should be as broad and powerful as possible. The dark mask is confined to muzzle and must be in sharp contrast to the colour of the head.
Skull: The skull is flat between ears. Square on top. Natural wrinkles on top of the skull.
Stop: Well defined.
Forehead: The forehead forms a distinct stop with the bridge of nose. Slightly loose and fine wrinkles without excess on the skull.
Nose: Black nose and large nostrils, under no circumstances liver colour, red or brown.
Muzzle: Strong, square, noticeably shorter than the skull. Broad from root to tip of the nose, not snipy, with moderately obvious folds. The line of the muzzle forms a very obtuse angle upwards.
Cheeks: Prominent, due to the strong development of the muscle.
Lips: Tight with good pigmentation.
Mouth: Tongue, gums, flews and roof of mouth, bluish black is preferred. Pink spotted tongue permissible. Solid pink tongue highly undesirable.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaw strong with undershot bite and set square to the jaws. Undershot bite more than 5 mm, undesirable.
Eyes: Dark brown or hazel, fairly large, oval shaped and show no haw. Slightly protruding but never exaggerated. Eye rims must be dark.
Ears: Set on sides of the skull. Medium sized, triangular, inclining forward and firmly pricked. Not cropped.
NECK: Medium length, strong, set well on the shoulder.
BODY: Moderate wrinkle on the withers.The body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers.
Topline: Slightly fall behind shoulders, rising above the level of the croup.
Loin: Strong, broad, slightly roach.
Chest: Wide, prominent and deep reaching the elbows. Depth of chest is half the height at withers. Well let down between forelegs.
Underline and belly: Without excessive tuck-up.
Croup: Moderately sloping.
TAIL: Tail set high, stay straight stiffen and carried high. Moderately long, round at base and tapering to a fine point.
~Shoulder: Well laid back, not loaded.
~Elbow: Firm, turning neither in nor out.
~Forearm: Forelegs straight and upright well under the hound, good substance and round in bone, not tapering off to feet.
~Pastern: Short and slightly slopping.
~Forefeet: Tight and firm. Well knuckled up and strongly padded. Not hare-footed. Nails short.
~Thigh: Well built thigh with strong muscle.
~Stifle: Well bent.
~Hock joint: Firm, well let down and parallel to each other.
~Hind feet: Thigh and firm. Well knuckled up and strongly padded. Not hare-footed. Nail short.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Robust and powerful . Back level, firm with no indication of roll. Stride free, reaching in front and straight without high action. Should not move close behind nor paddle nor plait in front.
Hair: Short and very harsh without any undercoat.
Colour: Red ( The variation from dark to light ) and Black.
SIZE: Ideal height at withers: Dog 40-45cm；Bitch 35-40cm
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded as exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health, welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
~ over 5mm undershot bite
~ shown under bite
~ Aggressive or overly shy.
~ Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
~ Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into scrotum.
~ Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.